Dunning-Kruger Effect

We are biased in many different areas, and cognitive is one area that gets many interests in psychology.

Try to think of yourself… ups, don’t!

Stop now! You’ll be biased. Definitely.

The better idea is to look at someone else, who thinks that he or she is better at particular skills that he or she actually is.

The point is : none of us can tell precisely how good ourselves in any particular area. None. We are all biased. We all have a common delusion called the Dunning-Kruger effect, named after David Dunning and Justin Kruger, two psychologists who found the phenomenon (source).

What is more interesting is the fact that the most incompetent person, in any particular area, is the one who is most biased; who thinks that his or her skill is expert-like.

For a more interesting presentation of this effect, please watch the following video from TED-Ed:

Why Incompetent People Think They’re Amazing

So, the next time you’re standing in front of mirror, realize that you are not the best evaluator of your skills. It is others. 🙂

Regards, Paul

Growth Mindset

Carol Dweck at Google

According to Carol Dweck, there are two kinds of mindset: fixed mindset and growth mindset. People may have more of one kind, or even both in a more balanced proportion.

People with fixed mindset tend to believe that our abilities are ‘fixed’ – hence the term fixed mindset. They believe that one is born either with certain abilities or not. On the other end, people with growth mindset believe that abilities can be developed, and not necessarily exclusive to certain group of people who “have it”.

The good thing about this finding is this: anyone could learn to have a growth mindset, given a supportive condition for nurturing such a mindset and effort.

The above video is the talk given by Carol Dweck at Google, explaining the concept of both fixed and growth mindsets, and how people could apply the principles of ‘mindset in action’ through a Q/A session.

For those interested to get the hard copy of Dr. Dweck’s research on mindset, here’s the link to the book.